[CNN Philippines] “Oro,” a dog was allegedly gutted onscreen, in a manner that raised questions about the ethical sensibilities of both the audience and the filmmakers themselves.
There is a reality that people, states and countries have differing opinions about what constitutes appropriate standards of protection and care of animals.
Human discovery of pharmacologically active substances is arguably the oldest of the biomedical sciences with origins >3500 years ago. Since ancient times, four major transformations have dramatically impacted pharmaceutical development, each driven by advances in scientific knowledge, technology, and/or regulation: (1) anesthesia, analgesia, and antisepsis; (2) medicinal chemistry; (3) regulatory toxicology; and (4) targeted drug discovery.
There are two major societal developments that have assisted in furthering the development of animal welfare standards and animal protections.