Animal Law News

Animal Welfare in Different Human Cultures, Traditions and Religious Faiths

Animal welfare has become a growing concern affecting acceptability of agricultural systems in many countries around the world. 

An earlier Judeo-Christian interpretation of the Bible (1982) that dominion over animals meant that any degree of exploitation was acceptable has changed for most people to mean that each person has responsibility for animal welfare. This view was evident in some ancient Greek writings and has parallels in Islamic teaching. 
 
A minority view of Christians, which is a widespread view of Jains, Buddhists and many...more >>

Dominant intensive meat production

Meeting Heterogeneity in Consumer Demand for Animal Welfare: A Reflection on Existing Knowledge and Implications for the Meat Sector: The legitimacy of the dominant intensive meat production system with respect to the issue of animal welfare is increasingly being questioned by stakeholders across the meat supply chain. The current meat supply is highly undifferentiated, catering only for the extremes of morality concerns (i.e., conventional vs. organic meat products). However, a latent need for compromise products has been identified. That is, consumer differences exist regarding...more >>

Corporate Responsibility in the Food Chain: The Criteria and Indicators

Corporate responsibility is becoming a key issue in the food chain. What are the criteria for defining CR and develop indicators for measuring the responsibility performance of the food chain?

more >>

Sustainability Management in Agribusiness

The idea of sustainable management has recently gained growing attention in the agribusiness sector. This is mainly due to a widespread discontent with the industrialization of agricultural production and food processing and growing public pressure on agribusiness firms to implement more sustainable management practices. In this paper we present the results of an explorative empirical study of sustainability management in German agribusiness firms. The study shows that agribusiness firms have developed a broad understanding of sustainability management and perceive a multi-facetted...more >>

Ethical food standard schemes and global trade: Paralleling the WTO?

Abstract: Global food trade embodies a range of different interpretations of the nature of food and its role in society. On the one hand, the WTO food regulation regime, in particular the SPS agreement, is based upon a somewhat instrumental value of food consumption in which food is seen as a commodity to be traded in accordance with international trade rules. At the same time, a number of private standards, such as GlobalG.A.P and various organic standards, are emerging which embody broadly postmaterialist values that suggest that food purchasing and consumption are also social,...more >>

First Vertical Farm Opens in Singapore

The first commercial-scale vertical farm has opened in the tiny, densely populated city of Singapore, with the aim of decreasing dependence on food imports. Singapore, which lies at the end of the Malay Peninsula, is just 274 square miles, almost all of which is city. That leaves little space to grow vegetables. As a result, the city currently only produces 7 percent of its vegetables locally, forcing it to buy from other countries.

The vertical farm consists of 120 aluminum towers each extending up almost 30 feet in height. It can produce over 1,000 pounds of three kinds...more >>

European consumer image of farmed fish

Increasing fish demand has made aquaculture a necessary complement of fisheries. Consumer acceptance is crucial for market success of aquaculture produce. The present study has investigated the image European consumers have in relation to farmed fish, wild fish, fish as a generic food category and seabass and seabream as the two main cultured species in the European Union (EU). 

Consumer Communication and Organisational Strategies for Animal Welfare (Italy)

The treatment of animals used in production processes involves ethical principles as well as food safety and has become increasingly a focus of debate. Based on survey evidence this article examines consumer communication and organisational strategies regarding animal welfare by food processors and retailers in Italy. It identifies three levels of commitment to animal welfare: full sensitivity with regard to ethical issues and products; animal welfare seen solely as an aspect of product quality; and indifference where animal welfare is considered purely a legal obligation. This...more >>

Trade effects of environmental and animal welfare standards

Implementation of the Clean Water Act (CWA) in the USA could increase production costs by around 1%, and implementation of nutrient management regulations in Canada could increase production costs in the range between 2 and 4%. Such cost increases can have considerable implications for international trade. Cost increases of animal welfare rules in the pig sector of the EU have limited implications for international trade.

These are some of the conclusions of a paper titled "Trade effects of environmental and animal welfare standards in the hog sectors of the EU, US and Canada...more >>

Transboundary Animal Diseases and International Trade

Currently, livestock sector accounts for nearly half of global agricultural economy. Recent animal health emergencies have highlighted the vulnerability of pecuary industry to epizootic episodes caused by infectious diseases. The impact of animal diseases on health and human welfare is being increasingly considered. Sixty percent of emerging diseases that affect humans are zoonoses, most of them (about 75%) originate from wildlife. Many of those diseases are common to productive domestic animals, due to the multiple interrelationships and the ability of many...more >>