Food security can be based on food or grain self-sufficiency, as in China, where a 95% grain self-sufficiency level has recently been adopted as a strategic goal for agricultural output (Ye et al., 2012). More broadly however, as defined by the 1996 World Food Summit, food security is a “situation that exists when all people, at all times, have physical, social, and economic access to sufficient, safe, and nutritious food that meets their dietary needs and preferences for an active and healthy life.” Various indicators have since been used to...more >>
Changes in livestock production have been particularly significant worldwide over the last six decades. Meat production has increased from around 120 million tonnes in 1970 to more than 270 million tonnes in 2010; over the same period, milk production has increased from around 400 million tonnes to more than 690 million tonnes. The annual growth rate of meat and milk volumes has been much higher in developing countries than in developed nations...more >>
The global population is expected to grow to nine billion by 2050, with people in the upcoming economies adding a lot of animal product to their diets, resulting in a demand-driven livestock revolution An argument against this, stating that the planet’s carrying capacitydoes not permit it and opting for policies toward eating less animal product, raises an ethical dilemma: to what extent is it justifiable to deny people in developing economies what they clearly want and finally also get access to?
Another (non-exclusive) option is to look for...more >>
International Animal Law (IAL) has received a number of queries regarding the use of illegal vaccines, and we are wondering if anyone within the IAL forum might have further information on the subject?
Theoretically, in September 2011 cattle imported to Russia from ...more >>
Newly introduced legislation in Israel officially bans the import, marketing and sale of any toiletries, cosmetics and detergents that were tested on animals in their development.
The ruling, which was passed in 2010 and mirrors a 2004 European Union law, however, allows for certain non-drug ingredients.
"Animal testing in the Cosmetics Industry inflicts horrific sufferingon these animals," Labor party member Eitan Cabel reportedly said of
the new legislation.
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In the International Animal Law (IAL) update there is a brief summary of some of the news items posted on IAL within the last few months.
I expect your e-mail inbox is likely to be in the process of being "bombarded" with all sorts of Christmas specials just at the moment, so in addition to being among those wishing you and yours a Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year, this International Animal Law (IAL) update is "short and sweet" to highlight just a few of the...more >>
A German court has ruled on a case involving issues about who may decide the permissible level of animal suffering in experiments. The administrative court said that local health authorities had been wrong in 2008 to block a licence for neuroscience studies on macaque monkeys.
The biodiverse nation, with 25% of its land protected as reserves, becomes first Latin American country to ban hunting after an unanimous and final vote from Congress.
Lawmakers had provisionally approved a reform to its Wildlife Conservation law back in October. With a population of 4.5 million people, Costa Rica is one of the world's most biodiverse nations. Under the new law, those caught hunting can face up to four months in prison or fines of up to $3,000.
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Monty, Ginny and Porter have been taking driving lessons for the last eight weeks in preparation for an official...more >>
The Australian Federal Parliamentary Labor Party has endorsed a motion in support of establishing an Office of Animal Welfare. The purpose of the Office of Animal Welfare is to develop and review domestic animal welfare standards, harmonise domestic laws, monitor and report on surveillance and enforcement of domestic and live animal export regulation, and other appropriate activities. An anticipated report will consider issues such as where the Office will sit within government, its legal status, its approximate cost and how it will interact with stakeholders.