The Australian Government is developing new legislation to replace the century-old Quarantine Act 1908 to create a responsive and flexible operating environment. The new legislation is a cornerstone of Australian reforms and the implementation of a risk based approach to biosecurity management. The new legislation is designed to enable Australia to better manage the risks of animal and plant pests and diseases entering, establishing, spreading in Australia and potentially causing harm to people, the environment and the economy.
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The New Zealand Animal Welfare Act 1999 imposes a duty of care on all owners and persons in charge, to provide for the physical, health and behavioural needs of the animals in their care. The Act provides for the development of codes of welfare by the National Animal Welfare Advisory Committee (NAWAC) and gives legal status to the minimum standards that they contain when issued by the Minister of Agriculture. Codes are used to promote appropriate behaviour, establish minimum standards of animal care and encourage best practice by those in charge of animals...more >>
A £45 million research project could see future generations of drugs tested on "organ chips" that mimic different parts of the human body. As well as improving and speeding up drug development, the initiative is touted as providing a viable alternative to experimentation currently conducted on animals. One goal of the US programme is to simulate a whole human body by linking together 10 different organ chips. Each "organ" would theoretically be about the size of a computer memory stick.
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